Unit II: The Reformation and scientific revolution
The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin and other early Protestants. It was sparked by the 1517 posting of Luther's Ninety-Five Theses. The Roman Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation initiated by the Council of Trent. Later Galileo and other scientists formed part of the basis for developments historians call the Scientific Revolution. It caused controversies in religion, philosophy, and politics, and ended up changing the way Europeans viewed nature.
Martin Luther Sparks a Revolution
Martin Luther PBS:The full PBS special on Martin Luther.
The English Reformation: A brief summary of Henry VIII and the English Reformation
Henry VIII and the Church: Timeline TV provides a great short documentary on the stuggle between Henry VIII and the Catholic Church.
The Origins of Calvinism: A brief look at John Calvin and his doctrine of Predestination.
Savonarola: A brief account of the life and impact of the Italian friar during the very early stages of the Reformation.
Reformation Summary: About.com provides a basic summary of the events surrounding the European Reformation.
How Martin Luther Went Viral: An article comparing the spread of Martin Luther's ideas to the viral nature of the modern internet.
Explore the Solar System: See the solar system that Galileo studied through his telescope.
What if Saturn replaced the Moon? Just for fun. What would our horizon look like if the planets replaced our Moon...take a look!
World History: Reformation
World History: The Catholic Reformation
World History: The Scientific Revolution
Spark Notes: The Scientific Revolution
This site is most often used by English students seeking to cut corners for a paper assignment. However, it is a valuable tool to use to help master complicated subjects in European History. Use it with our permission and encouragement!
In Class Readings:
Praise of Folly
John Calvin: Institutes of Christian Religion
Council of Trent
Luther: Justification by Faith Alone
Need to Review?
Class Notes: The Reformation
Class Notes: Scientific Revolution
In Class PowerPoint: Scientific Revolution PP
Map: Protestant Reformation Map
PowerPoint: Protestant Reformation Powerpoint
Review: Scientific Revolution Review Sheet
Scenarios: Causes of the Reformation Scenarios
PowerPoint: The English Reformation PPT
PowerPoint: The Counter Reformation PPT